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Geophysical Flows

People specializing in this area

Academic/PI

Dr Neil Arnold

 

Ice sheets

    • ice flow modelling, modelling supra- and sub-glacial water flows and their influence on ice dynamics

Dr Nick Atkins

 

Geostrophic turbulence

    • rotor-rotor and rotor-stator cavities as applied to gas-turbine engines (similar Re)

Rotating flows

    • rotor-rotor and rotor-stator cavities as applied to gas-turbine engines (similar Re)

Stratified flows

    • rotor-rotor and rotor-stator cavities as applied to gas-turbine engines (similar Re)

Waves in rotating fluids

    • rotor-rotor and rotor-stator cavities as applied to gas-turbine engines (similar Re)

Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Mixing and dispersion

    • turbulent plumes, buoyant convection in a porous medium

Stratified flows

    • turbulent plumes and mixing

Prof Colm-cille Caulfield

 

Internal waves

    • stability of internal waves

Mixing and dispersion

    • stratified mixing

Ocean processes

    • parameterisation of small-scale oceanic mixing

Stratified flows

    • instability, transition and mixing in stratified shear flows

Dr Alex Copley

 

Gravity currents

    • fluid dynamics of deforming continents

Topographic effects

    • fluid dynamics of deforming continents

Dr Stuart Dalziel

 

Baroclinic flows

    • rotating hydraulics, eddies, baroclinic instability

Coastal engineering

    • flushing of embayments

Geostrophic turbulence

    • turbulence in rotating, stratified fluids

Gravity currents

    • effects of geometry, stratification, suspended particles, topography

Hydraulic control

    • effects of rotation, multi-layer

Internal waves

    • lee waves, internal wave attractors, interaction with shear layers, parametric subharmonic instability

Mixing and dispersion

    • mixing efficiency, identification of mixing events, mixing mechanisms

Rotating flows

    • rotating turbulence, rotating plumes, rotating hydraulics

Sediment transport

    • turbidity currents; re-suspension

Stratified flows

    • turbulence and mixing

Waves in rotating fluids

    • role of inertial waves in rotating turbulence

Prof Peter Haynes

 

Atmospheric flows

    • large-scale flow in troposphere and stratosphere

Baroclinic flows

    • role of baroclinic eddies in large-scale circulation

Geostrophic turbulence

    • beta-plane turbulence - connections between dynamics and transport/mixing

Internal waves

    • role in large-scale dynamics, also potentially in condensation/dehydration

Meteorology

    • dynamics of climate system on timescales of weeks to decades

Mixing and dispersion

    • mathematical, e.g. stochastic, models, also calculations using large-scale atmospheric data

Ocean circulation

    • particularly transport of particles, transport and mixing of tracers

Quasi-geostrophic flows

    • turbulence, baroclinic flows, etc

Dr Michael Herzog

 

Air/sea interactions

    • interaction between surface fluxes, atmosphere, formation of clouds and precipitation

Atmospheric flows

    • study of interaction between dynamical and microphysical processes

Meteorology

    • numerical modelling of atmospheric processes

Prof Marian Holness

 

Magma and lava flow

    • magma chamber solidification processes; magma transport in dykes, sills and surface flows

Dr Dongfang Liang

 

Coastal engineering

    • tidal oscillation, estuary process, tsunami inundation

Mixing and dispersion

    • water quality model, pollutant transport

River dynamics

    • flood risk management, water quality, sediment transport, hydraulics

Sediment transport

    • local scour around offshore foundations, fluvial process

Shallow water flows

    • dam-break floods, tsunamis, rainfall-runoff

Prof Paul Linden


Atmospheric flows

    • convection, wind-driven ventilation

Baroclinic flows

    • fronts, frontal instabilities, eddies, baroclinic instability

Geostrophic turbulence

    • turbulence in rotating, stratified fluids

Gravity currents

    • models, lab experiments, effects of stratification, intrusions, mixing efficiency, effects of topography

Internal waves

    • generation by turbulence

Meteorology

    • dynamics of strong convective storms, microbursts, sea breeze

Mixing and dispersion

    • mixing efficiency, lab experiments on a range of different flows, identification of mixing events

Ocean processes

    • coastal ocean processes, river inflow, tidal stirring

Rotating flows

    • lab experiments on baroclinic flows and instabilities, fronts, vortices

Stratified flows

    • turbulence and mixing

Dr Iris Möller

 

Coastal engineering

    • the importance of ecosystems and associated structures (e.g. vegetation cover) for coastal flood and erosion risk management

Ocean processes

    • tidal and wave-driven water flows over shallow coastal (vegetated) intertidal zone as well as submerged seagrass beds and larger-scale estuarine morphodynamics

Sediment transport

    • measurement and modelling of sediment erosion and deposition on tidal wetland surfaces and seaward margins

Shallow water flows

    • tidal and wave-driven water flows over shallow coastal (vegetated) intertidal zone as well as submerged seagrass beds

Dr Jerome Neufeld

 

Geodynamo

    • generation of planetesimal dynamo

Gravity currents

    • porous and viscous gravity currents

Magma and lava flow

    • emplacement and solidification

Sea ice

    • mushy layer solidification with oceanic shear

Prof Gordon Ogilvie

 

Internal waves

    • tidal forcing and dissipation; wave attractors

Waves in rotating fluids

    • tidal forcing and dissipation; wave attractors

Prof Clive Oppenheimer

 

Magma and lava flow

    • field observations of active volcanoes; understanding volcanic and magmatic processes

Prof Mike Proctor

 

Geodynamo

    • mean field models, magnetostrophic limit, rapid rotation effects

Mantle convection

    • pattern formation (theoretical)

Dr John Rudge

 

Magma and lava flow

    • melt migration in the mantle

Mantle convection

    • surface expressions of mantle convection (dynamic topography)

Dr Tom Spencer

 

Air/sea interactions

    • Southern North Sea storm surges, tide-surge-wave interactions

Coastal engineering

    • 'soft' engineering of coastal managed realignments; landscape effects of structures

Meteorology

    • storm impacts on wetlands, dunes, soft rock cliffs

Ocean processes

    • sea level variation, including inter-annual variability on wetland and coral reef surfaces

River dynamics

    • sediment supply to coastal ecosystems

Sediment transport

    • sediment transport, sedimentation and accretion in coastal wetlands (saltmarshes and mangroves)

Shallow water flows

    • wave energy dissipation over saltmarsh surfaces (field and flume)

Dr John Taylor

 

Air/sea interactions

    • oceanic convection

Baroclinic flows

    • baroclinic instability, sub-mesoscale dynamics, fronts, frontal instability

Geostrophic turbulence

    • energy cascade in geophysical flows

Ice sheets

    • ice-shelf/ocean boundary layer

Internal waves

    • internal wave breaking and mixing

Mixing and dispersion

    • ocean mixing, tracer dispersal

Ocean circulation

    • mesoscale, sub-mesoscale dynamics

Ocean processes

    • influence of ocean dynamics on biology

Rotating flows

    • symmetric instability

Waves in rotating fluids

    • near-inertial waves, wave radiation from fronts

Dr Nathalie Vriend

 

Gravity currents

    • structure of snow avalanches

Prof Ian Wilson

 

Magma and lava flow

    • bubbly liquids - experiments, rheology, modelling; viscoplastic fluids

Prof Grae Worster

 

Ice sheets

    • grounding-line dynamics and butressing

Sea ice

    • thermodynamic models including brine transport

Research Staff

Dr Chris Richardson

 

Magma and lava flow

    • numerical modelling

Mantle convection

    • numerical modelling