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Experimental techniques - experience

Experimental scale

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Dr Neil Arnold

 

Field experiment

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Prof Holger Babinsky

 

Lab-scale

  • wind tunnel testing

In situ testing

  • road haulage aerodynamics

Full-scale

  • road haulage aerodynamics

 


 

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Prof Jeremy Baumberg

 

Micro-/nano-scale

  • on-demand optical confinement of quantum fluids using spatial light modulators

 


 

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Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Lab-scale

  • Plumes/thermals/porous media with chemical reaction

 


 

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Dr Otti Croze

 

Micro-/nano-scale

  • microchannel flows

Lab-scale

  • lab-scale photobioreactors and algal cultures

 


 

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Dr Bart Hallmark

 

Lab-scale

  • use of MultiPass rheometer for visualising bubble growth and movement in non-Newtonian fluids (food fluids, polymer melts)
  • rheometry of complex fluids.

In situ testing

  • co-development of portable extensional rheometer for in-situ testing of plant fluids

 


 

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Prof Simone Hochgreb

 

Lab-scale

  • optical diagnostic measurements of combustion: PIV, LIF, LDA, LII, Raman/Rayleigh, LIGS, LIPS, LIBS, absorption, scattering, for all sorts of measurements

Full-scale

  • former tests in large scale high pressure and low temperature facilities

Remote sensing

  • nanoparticle sensor development

 


 

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Prof Marian Holness

 

Lab-scale

  • See below

Field experiment

  • direct observation of carefully chosen field examples, using well-known geological examples as a natural laboratory to test hypotheses - the observations are made both in the field, and back in the lab on selected samples using microscopes (optical and electron), together with geochemical analysis (electron microprobe and scanning electron microscope)

 


 

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Prof Matthew Juniper

 

Lab-scale

  • lab scale thermoacoustic experiments

 


 

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Dr Ulrich Keyser

 

Micro-/nano-scale

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Prof Alexei Lapkin

 

In situ testing

  • Raman microscopy, TEM imaging

 


 

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Dr Dongfang Liang

 

Lab-scale

 


 

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Dr Iris Möller

 

Lab-scale

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

In-situ testing

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

Full-scale

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

Field experiment

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

Remote sensing

  • linking space- and air-borne hyperspectral measurements to field-recorded vegetation properties of relevance to flow reduction in coastal margin zones

 


 

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Prof Clive Oppenheimer

 

Remote sensing

  • spaceborne and ground-based remote sensing of volcanoes

 


 

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Dr Alex Routh

 

Lab-scale

 


 

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Dr Rob Smith

 

Micro-/nano-scale

  • cold atoms trapped in ~30μm box

 


 

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Dr Nathalie Vriend

 

Lab-scale

  • tailored laboratory experiments on granular systems

Field experiment

  • ground-penetrating radar, seismic analysis, particle analysis

Remote sensing

    • Laser scanning of topography, satellite images

 


 

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Prof Ian Wilson

 

Micro-/nano-scale

  • rheometry; micro-scale flow experiments

Lab-scale

  • many different types: apparatus construction

In situ testing

Field experiment

  • literally - mobile extensional rheometer

 


 

 

Laboratory set-up

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Prof Holger Babinsky

 

Wind tunnel

  • wind tunnels across the speed range

Flume

  • water tow tank and flume

 


 

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Prof Jeremy Baumberg

 

Microfluidic device

  • standard PDMS-based

 


 

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Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Stratified tank/flow device

  • plumes/thermals/porous media with chemical reaction

 


 

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Dr Otti Croze

 

Microfluidic device

  • swimming microalgae in channel and oscillatory flows

 


 

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Dr Ulrich Keyser

 

Microfluidic device

  •  

 


 

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Prof Alexei Lapkin

 

Microfluidic device

  • microfluidics and meso fluidics rigs, custom and commercial modules

 


 

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Dr Dongfang Liang

 

Flume

 


 

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Dr Iris Möller

 

Flume

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

Wave tank

  • investigation of wave and uni-directional water flow over complex biological surfaces

 


 

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Dr Eric Rees

 

Microfluidic device

  • fluorescence anisotropy imaging of microdroplet assays

 


 

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Dr Nathalie Vriend

 

Flume

  • granular flume, rotating fluid/sediment flume

 


 

 

Measurement techniques

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Prof Holger Babinsky

 

Pitot-static tube

Hot-wire anemometry

PIV

High-speed video capture

 


 

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Prof Jeremy Baumberg

 

High-speed video capture

  • 2-picosecond resolution streak camera captures the time dynamics of the quantum liquid

Spectroscopy

  • High resolution spectrometers (0.02 nm) resolve the energy dynamics of the fluid; scattering microspectroscopy/optical spectroscopy in general

 


 

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Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Pitot-static tube

  • Hele-Shaw cell

PIV

  • Plumes

High-speed video capture

  • Plumes

LIF

  • Plumes

Light absorption

  • plumes/thermals/Hele-shaw cell with chemical reaction

 


 

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Dr Otti Croze

 

PIV

  • micro and macro PIV of flows in microfluidic channels and photobioreactor tubes

High-speed video capture

  • for PIV and swimmer particle tracking

Light absorption

  • inference of cell concentrations using Abel transform

 


 

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Prof Simone Hochgreb

 

Hot-wire anemometry

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

PIV

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

High-speed video capture

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

Spectroscopy

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

LIF

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

Light absorption

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

 


 

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Prof Matthew Juniper

 

Hot-wire anemometry

High-speed video capture

 


 

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Dr Ulrich Keyser

 

PIV

  •  

High-speed video capture

  •  

 


 

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Prof Alexei Lapkin

 

Spectroscopy

  • Raman confocal microscopy

 


 

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Dr Dongfang Liang

 

PIV

LIF

 


 

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Dr Iris Möller

 

High-speed video capture

  • laboratory investigation of plant movement under different flow/wave regimes

Spectroscopy

  • linking space- and air-borne hyperspectral measurements to field-recorded vegetation properties of relevance to flow reduction in coastal margin zones

Pressure sensors

  • bed-mounted sensors: self-recording, telemetered, field data logging of waves in shallow coastal water

 


 

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Prof Clive Oppenheimer

 

Spectroscopy

  • adaptation of spectroscopic methods for volcanic plume measurements

 


 

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Dr Rob Smith

 

Light absorption

  • atoms imaged using absorption imaging

 


 

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Dr Nathalie Vriend

 

PIV

  • for velocity measurements

High-speed video capture

  • for velocity measurements

Laser techniques

  • to derive profiles and dimensions

 


 

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Prof Ian Wilson

 

Hot-wire anemometry

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PIV

  •  

High-speed video capture

  • user; develop image capture tools

Light absorption

 


 

 

Visualisation techniques

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Prof Holger Babinsky

 

Tracer injection

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Fluorescence

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Schlieren/shadowgraph

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Prof Jeremy Baumberg

 

Tracer injection

  • nanoparticle tracers

 


 

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Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Tracer injection

  • Plumes/jets

Fluorescence

  • Plumes

Schlieren/shadowgraph

 


 

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Dr Otti Croze

 

Tracer injection

  • dyed tracers and swimming dyed plumes in swimming dispersion studies

 


 

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Prof Simone Hochgreb

 

Tracer injection

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

Tracer generation

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

Fluorescence

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

Schlieren/shadowgraph

  • reacting and non-reacting flows

 


 

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Prof Alexei Lapkin

 

Tracer injection

  • tracer injections with UV or fluorescence detection

 


 

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Prof Ian Wilson

 

Tracer injection

Fluorescence

MRI

 


 

 

Data analysis techniques

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Dr Jethro Akroyd

 

Statistical techniques

  • model-based experimental design

 


 

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Dr Neil Arnold

 

Image processing

  •  

 


 

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Prof Holger Babinsky

 

Image processing

  •  

 


 

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Dr Silvana Cardoso

 

Image processing

  • plumes/thermals/Hele-Shaw cell with chemical reaction

 


 

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Dr Otti Croze

 

Fourier analysis

  • differential dynamic microscopy (a Fourier optics technique) of swimming algae

 


 

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Prof Simone Hochgreb

 

Fourier analysis

  • imaging and time-based signals for reacting and non-reacting turbulent flows

Image processing

  • imaging and time-based signals for reacting and non-reacting turbulent flows

 


 

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Prof Matthew Juniper

 

Fourier analysis

Statistical techniques

 


 

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Dr Ulrich Keyser

 

Fourier analysis

  •  

Statistical techniques

  •  

 


 

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Prof Alexei Lapkin

 

Image processing

  • ImageJ method for TEM image analysis (under development)

 


 

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Dr Dongfang Liang

 

Image processing

 


 

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Dr Iris Möller

 

Fourier analysis

  • processing of bed-mounted high-frequency pressure sensor records

Image processing

  • linking space- and air-borne hyperspectral measurements to field-recorded vegetation properties of relevance to flow reduction in coastal margin zones

 


 

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Dr Eric Rees

 

Image processing

  • ellipsoid localisation microscopy (ELM) and single molecule localisation microscopy (SMLM).

 


 

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Dr Rob Smith

 

Fourier analysis

Image processing

  • extracting momentum distributions from time-of -flight images

 


 

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Dr Alex Routh

 

Fluorescence


 

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Prof Paul Tucker

 

Statistical techniques

  • Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) etc

 


 

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Dr Nathalie Vriend

 

Fourier analysis

  • for modes in avalanches (also dynamic mode decomposition)

Image processing

  • DigiFlow, MATLAB

 


 

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Prof Ian Wilson

 

Image processing

  • particle behaviour; granulation